Common Bite Problems
Common orthodontic problems that require treatment include tooth midline not matched, spacing, crowding, and upper front teeth sticking out.
Upper Front Teeth Protrusion
This is a common problem that affects the function and appearance of teeth due to the lower teeth not extending or the upper teeth projecting further forward. Upper front teeth protrusion is also known as Class II malocclusion and large overjet.
This problem involves the maxillary central incisors ?r upper front teeth overlapping the lower or mandibular central incisors. Overbite usually varies from 3 to 5 mm and is more common in children. It is also called retrognathia and Class II malocclusion.
A yet another type of malocclusion, crossbite is a relational discrepancy between the lower and upper teeth. It can be bilateral or unilateral and may result in skeletal asymmetries. The most common types of crossbite include skeletal anterior, functional anterior, and simple anterior. There is another variety – posterior which is also referred to as reverse articulation. When it comes to treatment, there are different types of treatments and therapies, for example, Delaire mask, clear aligner therapy, removable plates, quad helix, and braces. The treatment method of choice depends on the type, i.e. simple, functional, etc.
This is a dental disorder that affects the upper teeth and is usually caused by patients themselves. The lower and upper teeth project outwards, and the lower and upper jaw do not touch. This is usually the result of chewing on an object such as a pencil or pen, tongue thrusting, or thumb sucking. The incorrect or extended use of pacifiers and feeding bottles may also result in the development of this condition.
Crowding typically occurs when there is a mismatch between the size of the jaw and the number and size of teeth. Common causes include jaw fractures, abnormally shaped teeth, impacted teeth, and lost and extra teeth. Other causes are poorly fitting braces, retainers, crowns, and dental fillings and severe injuries. Different treatment methods and orthodontics are used, including jaw surgery, dental braces, Invisalign, and tooth extraction.
Spacing is usually the result of thumb sucking and tongue thrusting and is also caused by periodontitis in adulthood. Abnormalities in gum tissue attachments, impacted and missing teeth, and protrusive teeth also cause spacing. It can be mandibular and maxillary and prevents proper teeth functioning. Gum problems are also common. Treatment involves moving the teeth closer together to close spaces.
Dental Midlines not Matched
In this case, the contact points between the lower teeth do not match that of the upper teeth. Different methods are used to correct the problem, including tooth extraction and braces.